Do you have an Afghan greyhound and want to know how to take better care of your fur? Then ... Keep reading!
For many people, the maintenance required by the hair of the Afghan greyhound, throws them back when choosing this breed, however do not fear! It is much simpler than it may seem at first glance.
Tips for taking care of Afghan Greyhound's hair
Let's start with some basic tips:
- One of the main characteristics of the Afghan greyhound breed, It differs from other races because of its long coat. The main thing is simply to put a hood (calm, it is not difficult to get! You can find it both online, as in pet stores and even if you are tricky, you can choose to make it yourself!)
- Do you want to make the protective cap yourself? It is quite simple! And is that it is about making a cylinder approximately 15 cm in diameter, and 25 cm long. Remember to put elastic bands on both ends! Can you purse the ends? Better than better! Thus the hair will be more protected, and less will come out of the hood.
But ... What is the hood for? The basic reason to use it is that In this way we will protect our dog's ears, preventing the fur from breaking, and also that the ears get dirty.
Your friend will look like a grandma!
Bathing a dog of the Afghan Greyhound breed
Depending on where our dog lives, the recommended bathrooms will be more or less frequent. And is that ... It is not the same to live in the countryside, than in an apartment!
However, (as in all long-haired breeds) remember to dry and brush thoroughly. If the fur remained wet, it would be at risk of fungus and tangles, which would mean cutting matted hair!
If you have to end up cutting a tangle, it is best to go to your dog groomer, so that you leave your fur even and healthy.
(Photo via: pet showcase)
Consequences of frequent bathing
Excessive dog bathing is counterproductive and can reach damage the dog's fur and his health. Afghans are very clean dogs who do not like to roll against the ground. However, they love bathing on the beach or the river, so you should proceed to clear them and dry them well after your adventures.
An Afghan greyhound who does not compete in competitions and lives in a flat should bathe once a month or month and a half. Soaking, soaping and rinsing time should not take more than ten minutes. It is in drying where you will be longer, which will allow you to tell your Afghan repeatedly how handsome he is, although he already knows it.
Have you bathed your Afghan Greyhound too often?
What consequences have baths too frequent for your dog? Bathing your pet too much can damage the fur and the health of the pet. Although this breed is not usually very prone to getting dirty, they love bathing in the sea or in the river, should I forbid my dog from bathing on the beach or the river? Do not! Just try to clarify and dry after your adventures!
Presentation to canine competitions
In the event that your Afghan greyhound must be submitted to dog shows, the biweekly assistance to a specialized hairdresser it will be essential, as long as its owners do not possess the expertise and the ideal material to maintain the splendor of the magnificent animal.
In this case, when you reach adulthood, the hair of the spine should be trimmed. That in my opinion very particular and profane, it is a shame. But they are specifications of the competitions, which I suppose that their purpose is to better assess the line and bone structure of the spine of the specimen.
Although the Afghan hound does not appear in competitions it is convenient to take him to the hairdresser a couple of times a year, so that a professional polishes his appearance.
If you DO NOT submit your Afghan Greyhound to competitions
If your Afghan greyhound is simply a pet, with bathing him once every month and a half, it would be more than enough. Soaping, soaking and rinsing, It shouldn't take you more than 10 minutes. However, where you should spend more time is to dry it, take advantage of pampering it a little more!
If you do not have the necessary time or expertise, do not hesitate to visit your dog groomer several times a year!
Afghan greyhound brushing
He frequent brushing The long hair of the Afghan greyhound is very convenient. One should get advice in specialized shops of the right type of brush. My particular experience taught me that stainless steel metal cardsIf they are handled with great care not to brush the dog's dermis, they are the tools that achieve a more vaporous appearance in the hair of the Afghan greyhound.
However, for the first brushing I recommend that you use plastic brushes with the tips protected with balls. The card will be reserved for brushing.
Quality animal shampoos are convenient to preserve hair shine. They must incorporate conditioners for easy brushing. Shampoos with lanolin or keratin give an extra shine to your hair.
Do not use perfumesIf you impregnate them with excessively scented essences, the dog will roll over and get dirty on purpose to recover a more natural smell from its sensitive smell. Oatmeal products are also effective.
The balanced diet It is essential to preserve the quality of your coat. Rich foods Omega 3 They are ideal for preserving the silky silkiness of the fabulous mantle of elegant Afghans. The coloring of Afghan greyhounds ranges from black to pale blond, there are even albinos. They often have a "tie." It is a generally snowy area of hair that covers the throat and chest area. They love being slapped in that part.
An Afghan greyhound in the race is an exciting spectacle, and more when you see him jump or compete against a dog of another breed, which doubles in speed without any effort.
Encourage yourself to acquire an Afghan greyhound if you want an independent partner who does not follow you until you go to the sink and take a morrocotudo disgust when you go to work or buy bread, waiting sad, and feeling abandoned, your return to the door. An Afghan greyhound will never do it. He will wait for you sleeping peacefully in his favorite place and he will be glad to see you without stress, showing much affection and serene affection towards you.
If you want to read more articles similar to Afghan greyhound hair care, we recommend you enter our Beauty Tips section.
Cu> (Photo via: perrosinfo)
If you are going to present your Afghan greyhound to dog shows, An essential will be to visit the dog groomer every fifteen days.
When you reach adulthood, they will trim the loin fur. A pity, right? However It is one of the requirements to assess adult dogs.
Tips for brushing an Afghan Greyhound
One of the most recommended things for your Afghan Greyhound to keep its fur in good condition, is… Frequent brushing! Do you have questions about the type of brush you can use? Ask your trusted veterinarian! And is that The skin of this breed is quite delicate. The most recommended comb for this breed is that of metal bristlesHowever, use it with great care not to brush your skin, are you afraid to use a metal bristle comb? Try it with a plastic brush with the tips protected.
(Photo via: perrosygatos)
What shampoo is the most recommended?
The Dog shampoos are especially recommended for this breed, and they are going to help you maintain the brightness of their fur. Also, do not hesitate to incorporate the use of the conditioner! If you like natural products, do not miss this recipe for homemade dog shampoo.
Are you looking for an extra shine for your hair? So, use shampoos that contain lanolin or keratin, do they work!
Remember! DO NOT use person shampoos to bathe your dog.
eye! It is a race very sensitive to odors, If you perfume it, it will wallow to return to its natural smell.
How do you take care of your Afghan Greyhound's fur?
Afghan greyhound character
Also know as Afghan hound, is a brave and courageous dog, the Afghan greyhound is characterized bya temper that sometimes it can be indomitable and somewhat bland, although not exempt from tenderness and love.
While it is true that it presents a point of independence and can even go through arisco, it is an animal with a sweet, loyal, affectionate and sensitive character, with very low levels of dominance in general, which makes it ideal to integrate into the family.
Above all, thanks to its appearance, its size and the history that precedes it, from which it can never detach itself, the race has an air of dignity and spirituality very suggestive. In fact, some authors have described him as "the king of dogs" for his elegance and majesty.
It is one of the dog breeds with more personality. If you do not have the right owner, capable of exercising a solid and coherent leadership, the Afghan greyhound can become disobedient and vulgar, and show a strong tendency to make your own decisions, which makes coexistence very difficult,
However, in good hands it is a nice and affectionate partner that establishes a very good relationship with his family and does not usually have no problem with children, despite which it is convenient not to leave him alone with them without a responsible adult to monitor and intervene in the event that at some point the dog runs out of patience.
With strangers, however, it usually shows a personality somewhat distant, although without being violent or aggressive, unless you are under excessive pressure or perceive that there is a real danger to you or your family. In those cases, he can react strongly and defend his own or himself from any type of aggression.
As a greyhound that is, the Afghan is totally happy when he runs through the countryside or hunting, or even when participating in races with other greyhounds. But adapts well to city life and you can feel reasonably well both in a small apartment and in a large country house.
However, although when he is inside the house he is calm and remains almost all the time lying at the feet of his owner or on his favorite sofa, as soon as he leaves the field he becomes a dynamic and very active dog that displays all his skills and all his repertoire of movements and jumps, giving free rein to his great energy. And this breed, strong and athletic, you need to exercise daily, so it is not a good dog for sedentary people.
Majestic and distant, it is endowed with a vigorous character and a penetrating look. In short, this beautiful animal, easy to maintain and jovial and dynamic attitude, becomes, with a good education, an ideal companion that his master can be very proud of.
- Energy: It is a strong, athletic and energetic animal, with powerful and fast movements, which needs to exercise every day.
- Temperament: he is resistant, dominant, brave and with a point of independence, but loyal and very intelligent, so he learns with rap> Characteristics of the Afghan greyhound
The first thing that catches the attention of characteristics of the Afghan greyhound dog It is its general appearance, with an oriental expression typical of the breed. Considered a treasure of world cinofilia, it is haughty and enigmatic, it is a real pleasure for all those who contemplate it.
The general appearance of this greyhound gives a great impression of strength and nobility, of combined power and speed, and bears his head high with pride. As for their physical characteristics:
He this hound dog's body It is endowed with a spectacular, robust and elongated anatomy, in which its beautiful mantle of long and silky hair stands out. The loin is straight and wide, the chest is strong and deep, and the belly appears slightly retracted.
its head It is well sculpted, thin and long, the skull is rounded and is finished off in a characteristic toupee. The snout is long, and the truffle, large and black or liver colored.
The eyes they have the iris of Brown color, which changes to Golden in the specimens with the clear mantle. They are located in a slightly oblique position.
It has some Long ears and lows are inserted, in a very backward position. They fall quite close to the head and are covered with very long and silky hair.
Their feet They are large, with arched fingers and solid and wide pads. They are covered with thick and long hair. The back feet are narrower than the previous ones.
The tail is thin and of medium length, the hair forms a fringe at the bottom. It is inserted at low height and forms a curve as an open ring at its end.
Afghan greyhound hair is a characteristic feature of the breed it is the long and very thin hair that covers the sides and the limbs, and that is much shorter on the back and on the face.
Let's see in more detail how is the Afghan greyhound and the breed standard:
- General appearance: It gives the impression of being a very strong and noble dog, as he usually holds his head up, with pride.
- Size and size: very big
- Cross Height: between 68 and 74 cm males and between 63 and 69 cm females
- Weight: between 25 and 30 kg males and between 24 and 29 kg females
- Origin: Afghanistan / Patronage United Kingdom
- Later members: They are strong and well plumb, with compact legs and good muscles, with relatively longer thighs. Your knees are well angulated.
- Feet: strong and very large, they are covered with long and dense hair. The fingers are well arched and the pads rest firmly on the floor. The rear feet are long but less wide than the previous ones.
- Tail: It is not too short and it is covered with somewhat thin hair, it is inserted at a low height and forms a ring at the end.
- Color: there is no color that defines the breed, in fact, there are Afghan greyhounds of all colors.
Afghan greyhound colors Hair: the fur is long and thin on the ribs, in the anterior and posterior limbs and on the sides. In adult dogs, from the shoulders back and along the loin it is short and tight. In the facial region it is short, while in the forehead and the skull it becomes longer and forms a marked, long and silky toupee. Ears and extremes> Afghan greyhound puppies
If you are reading this article with Afghan greyhound information, it is very possible that you are considering the adoption or purchase of a puppy of this breed. But before you can make the big decision, there are a number of aspects that it is good that you know.
The Afghan greyhound puppies they do not have the long typical fur of the breed, since it begins to grow from the first year of life approximately. At this stage they are characterized by being very restless and playful.
It is very important to start the process of socialization of the little ones as soon as possible (always with the permission of the veterinarian). The animal must get used to the presence of other dogs, pets, and be in different places surrounded by different elements and noises of everyday life.
Only in this way will we avoid having a fearful, scary or companion dog that does not tolerate the company of other animals.
In order for this animal to be happy, balanced and stable, it needs to go out frequently to open ground, where it can give free rein to its excess energy. Therefore it is not recommended for owners with a very homely or sedentary life.
History and origin
As in almost all greyhound breeds, you have to track the origin of the Afghan greyhound in ancient Egypt or, in any case, in Asia Minor. An ancient legend says that the Afghan greyhound was the dog chosen by Noah to survive the Universal Flood in his ark.
For many years he was the favorite of kings and was only given to illustrious characters. Before 1930 it was impossible to get copies of Afghanistan, although it was known in Europe since the 19th century for the works and stories of travelers who frequented that country, then belonging to the British Empire.
In 1907 the presentation of a copy called Zardin at an exhibition in London unleashed interest in this beautiful animal. The breed was recognized by the Kennel Club English in 1925. In the 1960s its world popularity was strengthened.
This is one of the most unknown sightings of his family and, at the same time, the oldest one, it is known that it is related to the saluki dog and that comes from dogs of this type that have arrived in the area from Persia.
Over the years, the history of the Afghan greyhound It was loaded with mysticism and kept it closely linked to the dominant classes of their country of origin, but when it was discovered by the English, they were amazed and did everything possible to import that splendid fur animal and marching into their country and haughty and light bearing.
Given its elegance, it soon became one of the most popular dogs in the world and with more success in dog shows.
Greyhounds or hounds are part of one of the oldest and most illustrious canine families, as archaeological remains of dogs with characteristics very similar to current greyhounds with more than 10,000 years old have been found, although it seems that the domestication of These animals, which were fast and agile hunters, did not occur until about two millennia later.
The fundamental area in the development of these dogs was the Middle East region and part of Asia Minor, whose geographical and climatic conditions were adapted perfectly to the first sightings and where they earned the respect and affection of the hunters and the members of the highest classes of society.
On the other hand, Egyptian remains of some 6,000 years ago that show specimens of morphology very similar to the current greyhounds are also preserved.
As for the Afghan greyhound in particular, its history is full of myths and legends that, although difficult to certify scientifically, make the approach to this special breed even more interesting, fascinating and beautiful.
Thus, some say that the representatives of the canids in Noah's Ark were precisely a pair of Afghan greyhounds, something that, as is evident, cannot be proved, but the truth is that since time immemorial this dog was the favorite of the kings and the great lords of Afghanistan, and that their possession was reserved for centuries to this type of owners, to the point that their upbringing and sale were prohibited and were punishable by penalties that could reach death.
Consequently, the Afghan greyhound was considered the most valuable gift among all those present that could be received by the kings and, logically, only the most illustrious guests were presented with it.
In this sense, already in the twentieth century, this honor was reserved for characters such as Indira Gandhi or the King of England, among others, and it is said that a serious diplomatic incident between Afghanistan and Turkey was caused precisely by a Turkish ambassador that he received a black copy as a thank you for his services and dedication in Afghanistan, and that on his return to Istanbul he sold it to the city zoo, thus belittling the high value that this dog was given in his home country and , consequently, Afghan traditions and honor.
The first representations of this dog did not reach Europe until the early nineteenth century and it was thanks to the engravings of some works written by authors sent to the area, which at that time was under the control of the British Crown.
Thus, for example, the work Dogs dates from 1857: Their Origin and Varieties, of H, D. Richardson, in which the existence of a greyhound different from all the varieties known so far, of predominantly golden color, covered with long silky hair, and with a very particular tail, which In addition, it was a large size, because it could sometimes exceed even 80 centimeters.
And, at the beginning of the 20th century, the Reverend Bush published a canine encyclopedia in which he related that Persia and Sistan, a border region between present-day Iran and Afghanistan, were the areas where these long-haired greyhound greyhounds could be found and With the black face.
In fact, prior to the year 1930 it was almost impossible to take copies of this breed from Afghanistan, and the few people who had managed to do so were running a serious risk to their physical integrity, such as Commander John Barff, who took a copy to England of the breed called Zardin, which was the first Afghan greyhound presented at a dog show, specifically at the one held in 1907 at the Crystal Palace in London.
Apparently, General Mackenzie also obtained his copies Muckmul and Mooroo, with whom he was portrayed for the British Dog Magazine, passing them across the border to Russia.
In fact, a large part of the first foreign owners of the breed and most of their importers to the metropolis were military officers and senior officials of the Crown of England who took their dogs out of the country when they began their journey back home.
This was the case of Mary Amps, married to an English officer, who raised Afghan greyhounds during her stay in Kabul under the mythical affix of Ghazni. Actually, the Amps were the pioneers in the breeding and selection of this breed under the criteria of modern cyclophilia, and therefore exemplars such as Sirdar of Ghazni and Khan of Ghazni are at the base of most of the current lines.
The breed, therefore, had had a sporadic and testimonial presence outside Afghanistan thanks to the dogs that these military and diplomats brought, and in addition many of the specimens were of doubtful quality and purity.
But the great revolution came in 1907 with the presentation at the London Exhibition of the aforementioned Afghan greyhound by Commander Barff, Zardin, a five-year-old dog that caused a stir among British fans and left Lucia a very deep mark in the contests canines of the time, because he won where he appeared.
As it had been acquired as an adult, Zardin retained his indomitable and strenuous character, which, together with his spectacular beauty, with an abundant and very long mantle, and his great size, always made him the center of indisputable attention.
As the breed was not yet recognized as such, Zardin was always enrolled in the category of "other greyhounds", but soon began to be called "Afghan greyhound" by virtue of its origin.
Over time this denomination was the same as that of the breed when its standard was drafted around 1912, for which the photos and descriptions made of Zardin were essential.
This standard was officially recognized by the Kennel Club English in 1925, so, despite the fact that the true history of this dog is ancestral linked to that of an area as fascinating as Persia, India and, above all, Afghanistan, its official history as a dog breed is very connected to the Kingdom United and the work carried out by British fans and breeders.
As with many other dog breeds, World War I was a blow to the evolution and expansion of this dog, but the period between the end of this contest and the start of World War II was essential for the Afghan greyhound, because an interesting dispute arose that ended up benefiting and enriching the breed standard.
Indeed, in 1921, Jean C. Mansony, Commander G. Bill-Murray, arrived in England accompanied by a dozen copies from the ancient region of Balochistan, distributed between Iran, Pakistan and Afghanistan, among which the beautiful female stood out baptized Begún, very clear coat, which had crossed with another mythical dog, Rajah, a great hunter.
Both traveled to the United Kingdom accompanied by eight of their puppies and two other copies acquired by the commander. All these greyhounds immediately called the attention of British fans because they were of a very different type than they had become accustomed to Zardin, because they had less hair, a large size and a smaller bone, so they differed quite a bit from the type described by the Newly adopted standard.
In addition, shortly thereafter, the Amps marriage with their copies of the Ghazni farm also returned to England, and Mary Amps proclaimed that his was the correct type of race demonstrating the similarity between the mythical Zardin and his famous male Sirdar of Ghazni.
The war was served, so very soon the followers of the Afghan greyhound were divided into two groups: the supporters of one type and those of the other, with constant controversies fueled by the specialized press of the time, even a new club was created to defend one type against the other.
Luckily, the intervention of Kennel Club himself did not split the race, but then began a race on both sides to try to achieve the greatest success, a competition that led, incidentally, that the race gained in popularity and became one of the most celebrated in the exhibitions.
Then, over time, both lines began to mix and in a few years a unification was achieved in the type that eventually proved essential and very beneficial for the international development of the Afghan greyhound.
The outbreak of World War II was a new break, but after that the upbringing was resumed and in a few years the previous level was reached and even exceeded, because it reached its peak very soon, in the 1960s.
In the following, however, a stagnation and a decrease in the quality of the rearing began to be noticed, which could only be solved at the end of that century with the introduction in the United Kingdom of copies imported from the United States, Scandinavia, Australia and even South America
Currently, the breed has high quality specimens throughout the world and the most important breeding centers are located, in addition to the United Kingdom, in the United States, Spain, Sweden, Chile and Australia And, of course, Afghan greyhounds continue to triumph in the most important exhibitions in the world.
The origin of the Afghan Hound and its majestic fur They date back hundreds of years before Christ in the Middle Eastern area of Afghanistan. This breed of hounds descends from the persian greyhound, which has less hair than his family.
In the beginning, its great speed He made it very useful in hunting foxes, hares, etc.
When the ancestors of this dog arrived in the Afghan area, they had to adapt to the place, and now we know it with the majestic hair.
Do not hesitate, this breed of whippet is very intelligent. His high degree of independence It makes them be in solitary space without the least worry or anxiety.
About the haircut:
Not enjoying the beauty of the Afghan hound, for its beautiful fur, this dog is a favorite of professional groomers.
Although many cuts or hairstyles can be made, from now on we will try to recover the form and morphology native of can.
Due to the quality of your hair, we will use conditioners and sprays To comb, this will help us have better finishes.
If possible, we always recommend using professional accessories for this type of work and we emphasize that not using the right tools may not lead to the expected result.
Afghan hair is somewhat complicated to understand, but if we know a little about the types of hair we will be prepared for care.
- The brush: Due to the silky hair of the Afghan, it will be good for us to have a soft bristle brush. With which we will help enough to stretch the animal's hair. This tool should avoid damaging the hair layer and help us in our purpose. Buy brush.
Brushes Comb: The case of the comb is very punctual. This is used to remove knots that may be caked in a mantle that is not properly cared for. Abusing this accessory can bring some problems such as removing the undercoat layer too much, being counterproductive for proper work.Buy brush.
Combs The knife: In the lower back the dog needs a special cut, made with the stripping technique, for this we have a blade, or we can also use what is called pumice stone to “tear out” the hairs on the back. From the variety of blades we must resort to the one that best suits. Buy blades.
Blades Scissors: To obtain exquisite results we must have a straight professional scissors, which will allow us to polish those details as in the tail or in the legs. Because we will only use this tool for final finishes, we must know a little about the direction of hair growth Buy scissors
Several scissors The card: If we start thinking, straight hair would not need to use a card, however we see cases in which the hair of the Afghan is tangled easily and we must ensure that in a grooming session, this is done as quickly as possible. If it is not possible to remove the knot with the brush we will use a card. Buy Carda.
Cards Machine: With this accessory we will be very punctual, for example, in the head, we will shave with them the cheeks and throat, it will also be used on the inner face of the thighs and surrounding genital area. Buy Cutting Machine
Have the proper tools It can save us a lot of time. Professionals in dog grooming have a number of products and accessories in different sizes and sizes. This may be a lot for us, since we have only one pet.
Educación y adiestramiento
As to cómo educar a un galgo afgano, es muy importante desarrollar un intenso trabajo de sociabilización ya desde que es un cachorro de pocas semanas, antes incluso de que abandone la casa del criador, para evitar que se convierta en un adulto demasiado tímido o temeroso.
Y en cuanto al adiestramiento, se trata de una raza que aprende deprisa, porque es muy inteligente, pero si se quieren obtener los mejores resultados es necesario contar con una persona que posea ciertos conocimientos acerca de la tenencia de lebreles y sea capaz de combinar en su justa medida firmeza y cariño.
Estudio de Figura y Estándar de un Lebrel Afgano
Como bien se ve, el afgano da la impresión de fuerza y potencia, a esto se le añade la apariencia de tranquilidad, sin embargo los conocedores sabrán que este perro es de los más rápidos que existen.
Si tomamos en cuenta las recomendaciones siguientes y con regularidad, podremos ver que es estándar el perro afgano es como sigue:
- Cabeza: el cráneo es normal y cuenta con un copete bien proporcionado y abundante. Los pelos largos que caen también los encontramos encima de las orejas. Es decir cabellos largos y sedosos están sueltos en caída hacia los hombros. Estos pelos le dan la expresión típica. Sin embargo podemos ver que las mejillas y garganta están afeitadas, siempre que el perro lo permita bien cortas.
- Cuerpo: El pecho y costillas del animal están llenos de pelos largos y sedosos. Sin embargo, en el dorso podemos encontrar un pelo totalmente diferente, es decir, el pelaje aquí mencionado es casi pegado a la piel, la textura tampoco es fina ni sedosa. Pero así es como se conoce a esta raza. Lo más interesante y laborioso, además de meticuloso, es hacer que el pelo corto y largo se fundan naturalmente.
- Las patas y Cola: En las extremidades podemos ver que el manto de pelaje cuenta con una textura fina y suave. Al igual que con el demás pelo, este cae libremente y se levanta con el viento. En la cola tenemos un pelo un pelo corto y termina ensortijado. Es decir en forma de anillo.
- Pelo: El perro afgano tiene una textura de pelo como mencionamos antes, liso, sedoso, suave y brillante. Éste pelo cubre la mayor parte del cuerpo menos el lomo ni la cola.
Ver correr a este perro, es una imagen espectacular, el movimiento que adquiere el pelo se da de una forma majestuosa. Siendo un perro muy independiente siempre estará presto al movimiento. Si es que lo quiere.
Pasos para el corte de pelo de un Lebrel Afgano
Realizar un trabajo sobre un Lebrel Afgano, sobre todo porque es un perro grande, es un tanto laborioso, sin embargo gratificante a fin de cuentas.
Lo accesorios mencionados anteriormente resultan de lo más beneficioso para estos menesteres, por ejemplo el acondicionador y champú hidratante, perfectos para el cabello del Afgano.
Alimentación del lebrel afgano
Al ser un can muy activo, necesita tener una alimentación adecuada a su gasto de energía. En su dieta debe haber la suficiente cantidad de proteínas de alta calidad y grasas saludables que permitirán mantener su pelo, esqueleto y musculatura en perfectas condiciones.
Afortunadamente, en la actualidad es sencillo encontrar comida para galgos en las tiendas de animales especializadas, o también, se puede adquirir cómodamente a través de Internet.
1.- Diagnostico del pelo:
Líneas arriba comentamos el tipo de cabello que tiene este perro, a saber, liso y sedoso, cae majestuosa y uniformemente siempre que tenga los cuidados necesarios.
En esta parte, se trata de que el perro esté libre de nudos, para esto nos veremos obligados a usar una carda o peine, esto debe evitarse a toca costa, pero si no hay otro remedio se debe hacer de esa manera.
Siempre recordar que el cabello tiene que estar humectado antes de comenzar con cualquier trabajo, es decir, con un producto hidratante nos valdremos para evitar que se rompa.
Salud y enfermedades
La actividad física es necesaria para que se mantenga sano y fuerte, aunque por lo general es un perro muy saludable y poco expuesto a afecciones de importancia que se puedan considerar como propias, salvo algunos posibles problemas de piel y de pelo, muchas veces relacionados con un régimen alimenticio inadecuado.
En todo caso, hay que prestar una atención especial a sus oídos (ver como limpiar las orejas a un perro), ya que sus orejas colgantes y bien cubiertas de pelo pueden dificultar la aireación del canal auditivo y propiciar la aparición de infecciones.
The problemas de salud más frecuentes en el Galgo Afgano son:
- Displasia de cadera (malformación de la articulación).
- Es una raza de perro muy sensible a la anestesia, la cortisona y los tranquilizantes.
Las razas de pelo largo, como el Lebrel Afgano, exigen un trabajo diligente para con ellos. Nunca, OJO, nunca se debe cepillar al perro con el pelaje seco, esto es el peor de los errores a cometer. Si el pelo se rompe, ya sabrás a que se deba.
Para mantener humectado el pelo debemos usar un spray hidratante, el cual resulta además como cubierta protectora.
El cepillo debe ser uno con cerdas suaves que eviten quebrar el pelo de una manera indeseada, con este proceso, el cepillado, dejaremos ya casi listo al perro para el baño.
Este proceso, el stripping en perros, verás, es de lo más importante, ya que nos evitaremos que en el pelo de la columna se formen ondulaciones indeseadas.
En la cola es el mismo procedimiento, con la cuchilla se deja el pelo bien corto, casi pegado a la piel.
The línea dorsal del Lebrel nos recuerda la variedad que pelajes que puede tener un perro encima, para que el trabajo sea realizado correctamente recuerda usar las herramientas correctas.
Para esta oportunidad, debemos conseguir un champú hidratante, siempre será la recomendación. Con esto podemos bañar semanalmente al animal.
Se debe ser muy amable con el cabello del lebrel pues este es muy delicado.
Luego de enjuagar el champú, vendría bien usar un acondicionador, como puede ser el Protein Vital.
El proceso de lavado puede ser un poco engorroso, pero puedes ver en el enlace para más información
Al igual que el secado, tenemos las instrucciones de una buena sesión de secado en el enlace anterior.
En este punto sería bueno contar con un expulsador de agua, para ahorrarnos el tiempo de secado
The recomendación es estirarlo al momento de secarlo, es decir, con un cepillo tirar en dirección del viento que bota la secadora.
Con esto terminado, ya podemos proceder al proceso de corte de las diversas partes del cuerpo.
Después de limpiar bien las orejas, cortar las uñas, el proceso a continuación debe ser tomado minuciosamente para terminar con una excelente sesión de grooming canino sobre el lebrel afgano.
Cuidados específicos de la raza
El pelaje del galgo afgano, una de sus características más distintivas, es hermoso, abundante y largo, pero se puede convertir en un problema si no se lo cuida adecuadamente. Así, es importante conocer las técnicas básicas de mantenimiento para no tener problemas de nudos o incluso rotura del manto.
He cuidado del pelaje del galgo afgano depende en gran medida de la calidad del mismo (de la genética que condiciona su textura, calidad, abundancia y longitud), así como del estilo de vida de cada individuo concreto. Hasta el primer año de vida su mantenimiento es mínimo, pero a partir de esa edad el manto se hace más largo y abundante, por lo que hay que empezar a acostumbrar al animal a ciertos hábitos y rutinas de higiene y acicalado.
La frecuencia del baño depende sobre todo del estilo de vida que lleve el perro y de las actividades a las que se dedique habitualmente. Así, si acude a exposiciones o si sus dueños quieren tenerlo en plenitud de condiciones éste debe ser semanal, pero si se trata de un simple perro de familia la frecuencia se puede reducir a un baño mensual.
Es importante tener en cuenta que cuanto más frecuente sea el baño, menos necesario será el cepillado, que sirve para mantener el pelo suelto y libre de nudos, pero también es responsable de que se produzca una mayor caída y rotura del manto.
En todo caso, es fundamental utilizar siempre un champú adecuado al tipo de pelo del galgo afgano y emplear un acondicionador que proporcione al manto la soltura adecuada y evite la aparición de nudos.
Para la operación de secado del manto hay que usar un secador especial para perros y no dejar ningún resto de humedad, para evitar los posibles enredos.
Cepillar al galgo afgano es una labor que requiere bastante tiempo y paciencia. Es recomendable cepillarlo tres veces a la semana.
Lo más importante es no hacerlo nunca en seco, por lo que se recomienda rociar al perro con un producto humectante especial o bien pulverizar una mezcla de agua con unas gotas de aceite especial, ya que esto facilita mucho el trabajo y evita que el pelo se rompa.
En cuanto a los pases del cepillo, hay que realizarlos siempre de abajo hacia arriba, es decir, empezando por el pelo más cercano al cuerpo y trabajando por mechones, poco a poco.
Se aconseja utilizar un cepillo de púas metálicas con una base acolchada, para que, en el caso de encontrar un enredo, no se rompa. Una vez cepillados todos los mechones por separado, se puede pasar un peine metálico a lo largo de todo el manto para dejarlo completamente suelto y estirado.
El galgo afgano necesita poco arreglo específico y en principio debe ser lo más natural posible, el objetivo es quitar parte del pelo de las zonas del lomo, el cuello, la cola y la parte inferior de las patas delanteras. Y la mejor forma de arrancar este pelo sobrante es hacerlo con los dedos, para evitar que se rompa más de la cuenta.
Se debe empezar por el lomo, avanzando desde la cruz hacia la cola, y se sigue después hacia los marcados huesos ilíacos tan típicos de la raza. Después se continúa con el pelo de la cola, una zona en la que hay que proceder con mucha delicadeza porque es muy sensible. Finalmente, se igualan los flecos con unas tijeras.
El cuello, en principio, no debe tocarse, salvo que tenga mucho pelo, en cuyo caso se pueden descargar los laterales con la ayuda de los dedos. Por último, con la piedra pómez se puede conseguir un acabado natural.
Arreglo de pelo: Galgo Afgano
Ahora comenzamos con el arreglo del pelo del lebrel afgano. Después de pasar por todos los anteriores pasos ya se puede continuar.
En esta ocasión, vamos a enseñarte la forma de cortar zona por zona del cuerpo del lebrel. Con lo que explicaremos con detalle áreas específicas.
Recordamos una vez más que, el trayecto a seguir siempre será de arriba abajo con eso evitaremos que el pelo ya arreglado se ensucie.
Lo primero que debemos saber es: En la cabeza, se distingues 2 zonas muy diferenciadas, es decir, mientras una parte tiene el pelo completamente corto, la otra zona tendrá el cabello largo, lo más largo posible, como en el resto del cuerpo.
Entonces vamos a distinguir estas zonas que hemos mencionado, a saber, lo cortado, las mejillas y garganta, y el pelo largo será del cráneo y orejas.
Así tenemos que:
- Cráneo: Lo normal, es que el galgo afgano tenga el pelo largo en esta zona, es así que mantenerlo estirado será lo primordial. El pelaje largo comienza desde la frente, en donde se une con los ojos, hasta la nuca, pero se une con la cabellera del cuello.
- Orejas: Junto con el cráneo debemos juntarlos para que parezcan uno, es decir fundir los 2 pelos para que caigan como uno solo, esto da la imagen característica del lebrel afgano. Para cuidar las largas orejas de que se ensucien normalmente los dueños se hacen de una capucha que la ponen en la cabeza para cuando comen o salen.
- Las mejillas: En este caso, para comenzar el afeitado, debemos guiarnos desde donde termina la parte exterior del ojo, el rabillo, hacia abajo: hasta la garganta. Entonces esta tarea tiene que ser realizada con presteza ya que el perro suele incomodarse en esta zona. El área de trabajo será hasta la caña nasal.
- Garganta: La zona de la garganta debe estar también afeitada, en especial las zonas que se unen con las orejas y las mejillas, en la parte baja, en donde se une al cuello, este pelo debe mimetizarse con el pelo largo. Una buena técnica con las tijeras no ayudara a acoplar las capas. OJO: En las zonas donde se pasa la máquina, es necesario luego hidratar para evitar escozor que pueda generar molestias y heridas al perro.
- Lomo: Vemos que en toda la columna (línea dorsal) el pelo debe ser retirado con la técnica de stripping, ya sea con una cuchilla o con una piedra pómez. Aquí debemos realizar un trabajo minucioso.
- Cola: En la cola, al igual que en el lomo, se desarrolla la técnica de stripping para quitar los pelos y que vuelvan a crecer nuevos. En alguna ocasiones, a gusto del dueño, se puede dejar un fleco que se une con la parte trasera del perro, haciendo que decrezca en dirección a la cola.
- Mantos Laterales: Esta parte es la más vistosa del perro, por lo cual se debe estirar lo más que se pueda. Los mantos laterales del galgo deben fundirse con los hombros y patas, parecer que el cabello tiene un solo sentido. Para sanear las puntas se recomienda cortarlas si es que fuera necesario.
- Patas: Como mencionamos antes, Las patas deben fundirse con las demás partes del cuerpo con los hombros, y los faldones laterales. Ambas, delanteras y traseras, deben tener las mismas características, y con una tijera recta, se recorta al ras del suelo, para que no arrastre el pelaje.
He maravillo manto que tiene el afgano es lo que lo diferencia de todos los otros galgos y lebreles: Su silueta es inconfundible.
Lo importante siempre será mantener el pelo correctamente hidratado.
También es necesario que acicalemos al perro con frecuencia, así evitaremos que se ensucie de más.
Lo más difícil de esta tarea siempre será hacer que las diferentes zonas del cuerpo se acoplen como una, principalmente la zona del lomo con el manto lateral, también la garganta y el cuello.
Gracias por leer este extenso artículo sobre cómo cortarle el pelo a un lebrel afgano.
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