Animals

The feeding of your puppy

The canine dietitian Carlos Alberto Gutiérrez, author of the Dog Nutritionist website, offers his advice for a healthier dog food

  • Author: By EVA SAN MARTÍN
  • Last update: June 2, 2018

Did you know that dogs can also eat some human foods, and even vegetables like broccoli and green beans? And that yogurt can make a dog without appetite recover it? Do you know how to prepare delicious homemade cookies for dogs, with a little peanut butter in less than 10 minutes? The canine veterinarian and nutritionist Carlos Alberto Gutiérrez, author of the Dog Nutritionist website, Share your homemade tricks to feed the dog more naturally (and healthily).

2. Chicken is a superfood that dogs can eat

"Recipes for dogs should be based on meat, quality protein such as chicken or veal"

There are foods on the market that can be bought for the can and make homemade recipes, among them, and above all, there are foods that have quality animal protein, such as the chicken and the veal. These protein foods are the basis for preparing any type of homemade recipe for dogs, either as a reward or as part of your usual diet, always under the supervision of a veterinarian or nutritionist. Another example? He fish It is another source of quality protein to feed the dog.

3. Fruits and rice are also for dogs

The apple (seeded) or banana These are some of the fruits that can be offered to the dog as a healthy prize. But whenever you avoid dangerous foods for dogs (such as onion or garlic) you can also prepare recipes that include a little pasta or of rice.

4. Yogurt is a good prize, and encourages the dog to eat

"Natural yogurt is a prize for dogs, which helps those who have no appetite to eat and is recommended for those who have a tendency to kidney stones"

Natural yogurt, without sugar or additives, is another food designed for humans that the dog can occasionally eat as a reward. He Yogurt can arouse the interest of the dog for his food. It is a novel ingredient with a new flavor, and this encourages many dogs without appetite to recover it.

To introduce the yogurt in the food of the can you have to pour a spoonful on their croquettes. With this, in addition, you will be helping your intestines to work better. Yogurt is also recommended for dogs with a tendency to create kidney stones.

5. Varied vegetables for dogs

In general, all vegetables are good for dogs and they can help create a more natural diet for them. The important thing is the variety and remember that they cannot be the main ingredient of the dog's diet, since their diet must always have a main meat protein base.

Although vegetables alone are not something they generally like, they can be used with other tasty healthy foods, such as chicken, to gradually incorporate into your diet. When cooked well, the dogs eat them with pleasure.

7. And oranges: pumpkin and carrots

Although green vegetables with my favorites to complement homemade recipes for dogs, also there are other vegetables that are beneficial for them, such as carrots or squash. But, I insist, when it comes to vegetables, incorporating a certain variety into the diet is the healthiest.

8. Peanut prizes to make at home

The homemade peanut cookies for dogs They are very easy to prepare at home and are a good healthy prize for the dog. Peanut is also an excellent source of fatty acids that help keep skin healthy and also take care of your hair. In addition, this butter is a fat-rich cream that is an irresistible food.

The elaboration only takes ten minutes. Mix 125 milliliters of water, 150 grams of wheat flour and three tablespoons of peanut butter. Preheat the oven to 180 ° C, mix the ingredients in a bowl, spread the mixture, cut it with the baking dish of your choice and place it in the oven tray. Now we just have to wait about 30 minutes for the cookies to brown and let them cool to room temperature before offering them to the dog. You will have between 20 and 30 cookies to surprise (and make your friend happy).

With what to feed your puppy

Breast milk is the first ideal food for a puppy because it is rich in all the nutrients necessary for the puppy to grow healthy and strong. Although puppies are ready to wean between six and eight weeks of age, most begin to show interest in solid foods at three or four weeks, usually frolicking on their mother's plate and licking the food from their paws !

This is the best time to start offering them a puppy feeding formula. If you choose a dry meal, add water and crush it to form a porridge. As the puppy grows, go adding less water and offer it the increasingly dry food. Don't be tempted to wean it too soon, since switching to an exclusively solid diet too soon can harm your puppy's immature digestive system.

Puppies are looking forward to knowing the world around them and they need a lot of energy to explore it. When it comes to how to feed a puppy, industrial puppy food is designed to provide a fully balanced combination of the nutrients it needs. Puppy foods contain more calories without increasing the amount, so they provide the energy they need to develop their body and brain without overloading their delicate little triplet.

The high quality formulas for puppies contain a large amount of easy-to-digest proteins to promote healthy tissue and organ development, and higher levels of essential minerals such as calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, zinc and iron, as well as vitamin D for Help your bones and teeth grow strong. Therefore, unless your veterinarian recommends otherwise, you do not need to give your puppy any supplement if you are feeding him with a complete puppy food.

How much food you should give your puppy

Very often, puppies can eat more with their eyes than with their stomachs! To maintain the right balance between what you need and overfeeding, give small amounts of food frequently. This will depend on your age, size and the recommendations of your veterinarian. Start with a spoonful of food five times a day while your puppy is still breastfeeding, and be guided by the following general guideline:

  • From the beginning of solid feeding until weaning (usually two months): 4-6 meals a day.
  • From two to three months: 4 meals a day.
  • From four to six months: 2-3 meals a day.
  • After six months: 2 meals a day (depending on race).

Do not cram your puppy, as too much food can damage your digestive system or put unnecessary pressure on your skeleton if you gain too much weight in a short period of time. Neither of these two things is good for your puppy's health, so be careful when planning your meals.

Always read carefully the feeding instructions on the packaging of your food, as they are a good starting point. The exact amount of food for your puppy can vary depending on his age, race, health status and energy level: more playful puppies burn more energy, so they need more fuel! Use our fitness tool to measure your puppy and make sure that it is growing properly and that there is no lack or excess weight.

Weighing the puppy periodically will allow you to be sure that he has the right weight for his age, size and breed. You can do it at home, but if you're not sure how to do it, ask your veterinarian to teach you or do it for you during a checkup.

How to feed a newborn puppy

Ideally, it is the mother who breastfeeds her puppy until she is about eight weeks old. If we have this option, we must let the puppy feed on his mother as many times as he wants per day, until weaning occurs naturally (about eight weeks of life).

If unfortunately we do not have this option, we must feed our newborn puppy or with a few days of life only and exclusively with special milk for dogs, for sale in any veterinary clinic. We should never give a puppy such small cow's milk or solid foods, as we could kill him.

Newborn or a few weeks old puppies can only feed on their mother's milk or failing that of special milk for dogs. This type of milk dedicated to puppies should be administered by a bottle, since the puppy will look for his mother's breast and the nipple of the bottle is the closest thing.

A puppy should be fed with special milk for dogs until it is six to eight weeks old. Puppies so small should eat four to five times a day, with five recommended.

How to feed a puppy one month old

As we explained above, puppies should drink their mother's milk or special milk for dogs until they are six to eight weeks old, during which they will also continue to drink together with the special puree to make the switch to solid feeding .

Puppies with a month and a half of life can start to puree in one of their shots, while in the others we will keep the milk. When they are this age we must feed them four times a day.

After two months of life we ​​can begin to mix solid foods with the mash and gradually remove the puree, leaving only solid foods. From three months of age we can reduce your shots to three times a day, being recommended to distribute them between breakfast, lunch and dinner.

What is the best solid food for a puppy?

It can be understood how the best feed for puppies is, since the feed is dry and hard. But in reality we mean solid food that is not breast milk, that is, semi-wet feed and meat cans are also an excellent option to feed our puppy.

We must take into account several factors to choose the best feed for our puppy, the first is the size of its breed. A feed for dogs of small breeds is not the same as a feed for dogs of large breeds. The size of the croquettes and the ingredients, are focused on the size of our puppy's mouth and its growth speed.

Therefore, we must choose between feed for puppies of small breeds or for dogs of large breeds. We can value between the best feed for dogs and choose your version for puppies or start with a diet based on fresh produce, which is called Barf diet.

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