Animals

Basset Hound: characteristics, curiosities and everything about the diet, hygiene and health of the breed

All of us who have a Basset Hound wish that he lives with us as long as possible, so it is not uncommon to see Basset Hound increasingly long-lived and reaching ages that until recently were uncommon for dogs of this breed.

For this reason it is very important to be aware that the needs of an elderly dog ​​are very different from what you can have when it is a young dog and its owners are the first ones who should be aware of it to provide the necessary care for old age Our Basset Hound runs normally and allowing our dog to enjoy the best possible quality of life.

Bearing in mind that despite its short legs, due to its morphology and body size, the Basset Hound should be considered a large breed, which is why in general it can be considered that the beginning of old age can be considered from 7-8 years, and we must act accordingly once our Basset Hound reaches that age.

Exercise and food

Two of the most important parameters that will allow our Basset Hound to enjoy a good quality of life during their old age are exercise and diet. In relation to food we must be aware that the metabolism of dogs decreases with age, for which the food intake needs decrease as the age of our Basset Hound increases. If we add to this that in general, most Basset Hound are quite greedy, the risk that our elderly Basset Hound can gain weight and become obese is important.

To achieve an optimal weight we must reduce the amount of food that we provide in each dose (it is advisable to feed our Basset Hound in two daily doses). In addition, this reduction in the amount of food will be useful to fight against stomach torsion, which is one of the most serious health problems that our Basset Hound can face (as we will see later).

In relation to exercise, we must be aware that the Basset Hound is an achondroplastic race. This condition is what makes a Basset Hound have short legs, but also has other effects, such as accelerated hardening of the cartilage. For this reason our elderly Basset Hound will have very hardened and fragile cartilages in all their joints, as well as in the intervertebral discs and as a result we must avoid abrupt exercises that can have impacts on the different joints of the body. It is advisable to take walks, which do not have to be short, but that should be done at a moderate pace, thus avoiding that the joints may suffer. These walks at a moderate pace will be a general benefit of the condition of our Basset Hound, keeping your heart and whole body muscles well toned.

Sent> As in people, as you get older, our Basset Hound will lose reflexes, their cognitive state can be reduced and also the senses will lose effectiveness. We must be aware of this and not be disturbed if we see that our Basset Hound is disoriented or ignores our calls. For this reason it is important to never lose sight of him, since this reduction of his senses and his reflex abilities can make it easier for him to suffer an accident or mishap. In fact, in a survey conducted in England among breeders of Basset Hound, one of the leading causes of death were the abuses.

We must pay special attention to your eyes, since in certain Basset Hound lines there is an increased risk of Glaucoma, which is a disease that can cause blindness in our animal. Another eye disease that we should pay attention to is conjunctivitis, since the progressive worsening of your system imunes and the loss of skin tonocity makes the conjunctiva of the eye much more exposed and easier than conjunctivitis. For this reason it is especially important to have at least a weekly check of the eyes, but it can be much better daily.

In the case of the sense of hearing, it is a sense that also worsens with the passage of time, so we should not bother if our Basset Hound ignores us or does not attend the call (something that on the other hand, can also do even if they have a perfect ear). Similarly, we must be especially alert to the possibility of otitis, for which it is advisable to clean at least once a week the inside of the ear canal with otic cleaners specially formulated for this task.

Cu> Our elderly Basset Hound will especially appreciate our shows of affection, so although we have always paid attention and care, with advanced ages we must show ourselves if we can be more affectionate with our Basset Hound. They are his last years and we must share them intensely with him. This recommendation is especially important if a young dog comes home when we have an old Basset Hound, since it is very common that the higher level of activity of a young dog and the novelty makes us pay more attention to the new family member, relegating to our old Basset Hound to a second term, and this is a mistake. An elderly Basset Hound must remain the protagonist of the house. He has given us all his love in the best years of his life and we must reciprocate and return that affection in the last stage of his life.

Our Basset Hound will appreciate that we continue brushing frequently. This brushing will activate the blood circulation of the skin and eliminate dead hair. Also during brushing we can examine the existence of ulcers or the presence of lumps or any type of skin problem. It is also worth taking advantage of brushing to examine the nodes and detect if they are inflamed. The easiest node to detect is the one below the jaw, although it is also relatively easy to notice the inguinal nodes and those located at the back of the hind legs. In case of detecting any of the inflamed nodes, we must go to our veterinarian.

It is also important to check your mouth for periodontal diseases that can cause infections or make it difficult for our elderly Basset Hound to eat.

When feeding, we must distribute the food in two daily doses, since this measure will greatly reduce the risk of stomach torsion in our Basset Hound. It also reduces the risk of torsion, preventing our Basset Hound from eating food or water at least two hours before and / or after exercising.

In relation to the prevention of herniated discs, we must prevent our Basset Hound from climbing on sofas or beds (the problem is really going down rather than going up) and also going down stairs. As we have already mentioned, the cartilage of the intervertebral discs of the Basset Hound hardens prematurely and makes it fragile, so that certain movements can increase the risk of a herniated disc, with the problem that it entails.

Taking into account all the aspects that have been discussed in this article, we will surely be able to enjoy the company of our Basset Hound for many years.

Everything you should know about Basset Hound

This affectionate and peaceful dog usually has a great character by nature. To this day, it is the inspiration of numerous advertisers and cartoonists who see in their particular features a reef to attract looks.

Do you know a better incarnation of good humor than Fred Basset's or a pair of shoes that are more comfortable than those suggested to us to wear a puppy of this breed through television? In our country, one of his copies is also in charge of bringing us home a famous insurance portal.

Of the dog that Shakespeare said that "It has ears that sweep the morning dew," We will try to specify its origin. This breed has French origin. In the language of our neighbors, basset means "small" or "dwarf." For its part, the word hound is English and translates as "hound." Thus we have before us a "little hound."

This noble animal is considered a direct descendant of the hound of St. Hubert. Hubert was a nobleman in love with hunting that ended up converting to the Christian faith. Later he was canonized and became the patron of the hunters.

The basset hound was developed from short-legged hounds and powerful bodies and also from the Normandy artesian basset. Soon it was found that it was a hound with some hunting skills superior to other tracking dogs that existed in France at the time.

All the nobility wanted to have one of those specimens that influenced the definition of many races, joining the schools that were used for hunting. As a hunter, the basset-hound had no waste, first in the hunting of small game pieces and secondly as a hunter of hares and white-tailed rabbits. Finally, the work carried out in the hunt for pheasants and grouse, as well as in the collection of pieces, is not negligible. It was also the terror of possums, raccoons and squirrels.

His transfer to England was not long in coming since in 1866 Lord Galway imported a beautiful couple that responded to the names of "Basset" and "Belle", from whose crossing a litter of five beautiful puppies was obtained. With this task he continued, from 1872 Lord Onslow, who presumed to have achieved the first pack of the breed.

To the surprise of many and although the origin of the breed is French, its standard considers that the breed is from Great Britain. Today, its specimens continue to perform the functions of a hunting dog but for many families it is its invaluable service dog. Its appearance, charismatic as few, is one of its main claims at first sight. Later his attractive character will end up tricking you.

Characteristics and physical features

With a height at the cross of 38 centimeters maximum and a weight that oscillates between 20 and 29 kilos, this breed has an enormous amount of fans for its young and admirers ...

Their short stature should not deceive you since they are very long dogs capable of achieving things that other dogs of similar stature could not even dream of. His movements are slow, but not clumsy.

His head It is elongated and large, with a rounded cranial vault and a pronounced occipital crest. Peculiar are also their wrinkles on the forehead and eyes. Around his face they fall two stunning velvety ears and low insertion, which hang to the ground. They are so long that they meet in front of your nose and should not be flat, but must present folds.

His eyes they are dark and brown in color, although in lighter colored dogs, lighter shades of eyes are equally acceptable. His look It has to be calm and serious. The conjunctiva of the upper eyelid should be seen, but not in an exaggerated way. This feature is what gives it its sad but pleasant appearance.

Her lips They are dark and their skin forms folds when hanging. Your teeth They are remarkably large and close in the form of scissors, even at lunchtime. His double chin It is very pronounced. His neck It is long, arched and powerful.

His chest It is quite deep, to the point of sticking out in front of the front legs. Your back It is level and straight. Your sternum It is prominent. Your hindquarters They are rounded and strong. The spurs are usually cut. It's tail It is long and of medium insertion, with a curve shape, dog the dog does not carry it curled up or on the back. Wide at the base, gradually narrows, until it ends at the end.

Color and fur

Its elastic and loose skin is the ideal surface for your hair that has to be short, dense, smooth, hard and bright. As for his coat, it is necessary to highlight the unique coloring of each specimen, giving the impression that each one has his own and that it is different from that of his brothers.

The most common is the tricolor combination white, black and fire, although we will also see them in white and brown, accepting any color of the hounds, such as black, cinnamon, white or red and white, regardless of the distribution of the spots.

Temperament

Basset-hound are animals Affectionate, sociable and tenacious They have the ability to adapt to most homes. They love family life and please theirs, with whom they are happy as long as they can share as much as possible. At the same time, he is a good watchdog since he has a loud and serious bark, which he uses as an alarm with his family and that drives away intruders.

If what you are looking for is to introduce into your life an athletic and functional hound, the basset hound is your dog. Just don't call yourself cheating because as an adult you will reach a considerable size. Nor is it a lap dog, although sometimes he may think it is. Among his main hobbies are going to be the one who accompanies him for long walks and running with you on the beach or in the countryside.

We must start from the basis that this is not a dog without major concerns than those of living in a classroom. He loves to go outside and is happy in the company of his family. When he is alone, he tends to howl and, while for some he supposes some "music", for other people his barking is an annoying noise, so if he did not remedy it, he could tire your neighbors.

You may be wondering if you would be the ideal owner for a basset hound. The first thing you have to ask yourself is that the calm, peaceful and serious mood This dog is compatible with almost all family situations. This is not the typical dog that runs nonstop around the house making pranks with which to get your attention.

Despite the above, you have no reason to think at any time that you are facing a shy breed, because in fact this dog is one hundred percent friendly with its owners. However, the latter should not be insecure in their education, as this could trigger the pet to become stubborn. Do not believe that his sad appearance is consistent with his character, which is usually fun and friendly, flaunting a continuous good mood.

For a basset hound to feel happy, it will be enough to fully integrate him into the life of the house and take long walks. Other activities you can share are going together by car or watching TV for a while. You will not have to be too dominant with him, as his behavior does not demand it. You will find it funny to see how your big-eared friend starts doing tricks to get food.

If you don't have too much time to spend with your basset hound, at least you'll have to take enough of it when you get home. Compensate and show him that it is important for you no matter how tired you end the day. Feeling your indifference would hurt him a lot. The evening and weekend activities are ideal for you to feel integrated in the family nucleus.

We already know that it is not only the basset hound, but that most dogs would like to live in a home where there was always someone, but this is highly unlikely given the imposing pace of work life to which the couples of today.

In the case of this hound, his first instinct will always be that of place your truffle on the floor surface, sniff and follow the trail Wherever I go For this reason, you must take measures so that yours does not suffer damage. You can never let him run loose around the neighborhood. As long as you take him down the street, he will have to be well secured by his belt and you can only leave him at ease in a fenced enclosure. Otherwise, your pet could suffer an accident and even be run over.

Relationship with children

This breed, which is also popularly known as "Sweet potato", It occupies one of the lowest positions in terms of aggressiveness. Your relationship with children is excellent.What happens is that he quickly loses interest in the game, so he is not as good a prank partner as dogs of other breeds. Choosing a male is more accurate for families with children, since they tend to be more playful than females.

Basic care

People who have never adopted a dog and, therefore, do not know the responsibilities that such a decision entails (and for many years), should meditate on the change in life that this will entail. If you are in that situation, put in a balance the sacrifices that you will have to carry out (greater in some races than in others) and the many satisfactions that your new friend will give you. If you finally decide to adopt, the care we are going to talk to you about is basic.

Feeding

Forget that your noble companion will eat the same as you prepare yourself. Its canine constitution requires a diet that covers its special nutritional needs.

Look for quality dry feed and just give him daily the portions that the veterinarian indicates according to his size and age. You should never overfeed a basset hound, since the kilos are an extra weight load on their legs and on the spine.

We are facing a race whose particular anatomy corresponds to a heavy and long body, so injuries such as lameness and possible paralysis in the legs are very problematic in it.

Keeping pets in optimal hygienic conditions is a right that they enjoy and that is essential for the rest of the family members, which would also affect their lack of grooming.

The physical characteristics of the basset hound mean that you should be especially attentive to the hygiene of your eyes, ears (and ears) and nails.

Eyes: When the conjunctiva is irritated or the eye tears too much, clean it with physiological serum. Lagañas and dirt remains are removed with gauze or cotton discs. Be careful to use a different one for each eye.

Ears and ears: Its huge hanging ears are hard to keep clean. Have wipes on hand and review them after meals, so that the remains that may have remained do not end up affecting even the fur of your ears, by staying dry in them for days.

The fact that his ears are so long causes the ear to ventilate, which facilitates the suffering of otitis, among other problems. Check them at least once a week and use a liquid or gel for cleaning that the veterinarian will advise.

Nail: The long and hard nails of the basset mean that many owners do not dare to cut them. A dog that exercises regularly tends to wear its nails, but if it does not happen to yours, and you do not dare to cut them, you can go to a veterinary center where they will be left perfect.

Dental hygiene

The great enemy to beat in the mouths of our canine friends is the tartar and, in particular, its accumulation on the surface of the teeth. Get used to your basset hound from puppy to periodic toothbrushes and you will carry a lot of ground gained.

This habit is very efficient but sometimes it does not completely avoid this problem that can not only lead to halitosis and other similar problems, but also to many infectious diseases that are associated with improper maintenance of the mouth. If you start to notice their training, do not hesitate to go to the veterinarian's office.

Bath and drying

Certain breeds, among which is the basset hound, have a slightly unpleasant smell. This is favored by those who usually drool and also have folds in their skin. The consequence is that this hound needs to bathe more often than his short hair would suggest.

Bathe it once a month with a shampoo that has a pH similar to that of your skin, that is, a pH7. Once you take it out of the bathroom, remove the excess water with a towel and apply an electric dryer at a moderate temperature.

Brushing in all races is essential and in the basset hound it was not going to be an exception. A good latex mitten and the bristle brushes that carry only bristles and not metal or plastic spikes, are those indicated for them.

Take the opportunity to strengthen ties with your pet while brushing at a high place, such as a table, that prevents you from ending up with back pain. Do not take it for granted if this ear does not respond well to the grooming session, on which you have to decide.

Vaccines and antiparasitic treatments

Vaccines are the main means with which to establish preventive measures in dogs against certain infectious diseases, so do not forget to take yours to the veterinary center to administer the doses that the veterinarian deems necessary.

As for external and internal parasites, also follow the instructions of this professional on the placement of antiparasitic pipettes and collars, keep them away from your pet.

More common diseases

The back It is one of the weak points of the basset hound, having an elongated body and a considerable weight. You can detect this problem by observing whether it is reluctant to climb stairs or not. If the dog is overweight, the problem will be accentuated.

Genetic or hereditary problems may also appear as a result of the continuous family crosses to which the specimens of the breed have been subjected. Hip dysplasia It is one of them.

Submit to his eyes to periodic reviews, as they are prone to suffer conjunctivitis or glaucoma, since this area of ​​your body is especially delicate.

Training

Sweet, friendly, gentle and loyal. Basset Hound exhibit good behavior by nature. His specimens are great family dogs and his temperament is formidable as long as you don't let him believe that they are the leader of the pack and that they can do and undo as they please.

The basset hound requires, like almost all dogs, a firm owner who shows that he is the boss and that clearly sets the rules.

A dog of this breed that is well trained will most likely become very obedient, what happens is that when he smells something that is interesting he turns his attention to it and it is difficult for him to listen. Not in vain It is common for a hound to follow a trail for days.

Sports such as agility are not recommended for this breed, as jumps are not good companions for basset hound, since they must take care of their front legs. Whenever you can, go with him giving him the opportunity to follow traces. When you do not have time to do so, provide teethers and various toys that divert their tracking instinct and thus avoid damage during their growth and learning.

Since while a basset hound is at home barely moving, we can have you perfectly in an apartment or apartment, as long as we respect your physical activity needs and take you frequently to the street, where it will transform and you can play for hours. Exercise in this breed is crucial to achieve a physical and mental balance of the animal, which will be healthy, fit and happy.

Control of your needs will require some patience on your part. Get him used as a puppy to do them abroad, which will also contribute to the early socialization of your basset hound.

Tips and advice to care for a Basset Hound

Basset Hound, can measure up to 37 centimeters or more. Next, we will leave you some referential photographs where you can appreciate the dog's physique in the case, do not know him yet. On this website, you can find other related articles, which will help you a lot, visit them and discover their dog secrets. Now, Basset Hound, like any other dog, will need some basic care that we will now describe, point by point. Get comfortable, because this information is valuable.

Previously, we have also seen canine care, so we believe you will be interested in the following article, which you can access by clicking here: `` The Best Veterinary Tips for Dogs ''

  • These dogs are considered best friends. of those people who like a quiet life, without much hustle and bustle. It is not usually anything territorial or aggressive, so they get along very well with the children of the house. They can, adapt to many situations and do not need walks at all times, although you can take it out for a walk daily, in order to avoid boredom, choose the best time to do it. Now, if you have one of these dogs or are thinking of adopting one of them, you have to take into account some important points and care that will make your Basset Hound grow and develop in a healthy and happy way, you know
  • A moment ago we mentioned that this dog has very short legs and small, that is why they do not like walks or activities that involve running. The Basset Hound, has great energy and when you take it for a walk, you will not get tired at any time and you can walk long stretches. Between, the cares that this dog needs, we find the canine training, which should be raised slowly, and that these dogs learn at their own pace. On the other hand, we must be very constant and patient in every training your dog receives. It is necessary that your animal learn to eat at certain times and go to the bathroom to do its needs.

  • These dogs need a peculiar diet, based on quality food. For example, feed and bagged croquettes. You can consult with a veterinarian about the type of food your Basset Hound will need, taking into account their age. Although, it is generally advisable to offer about three meals a day, with the passage of time we can lower them to two. You should know that these dogs can suffer from obesity, so it is important to offer small portions of food. So, if you do not want to put your animal's health at risk, you will have to opt for healthy, fat and calorie-free foods. Keep reading, to learn more.
  • Speaking of other care, it should be noted that these dogs have some very large ears which need some attention. Therefore, the hygiene of these animals is a very important point to consider, we have to clean and clean your ears, preventing dirt and germs from taking over them. Personally, I recommend that you clean your ears, twice every seven days. Be careful, to hurt him.

  • Finally and finally, it should be noted that we must bathe it once a month, Cut your nails and brush your hair once a week, so your fur will have a pleasant smell. Visit, our previous post where we advise you on the purchase of brushes for the dog.

We have left you, some of the care your Basset Hound dog deserves. Good luck and see you in the next article, where you will find many more topics of interest. Leave us your comments below this post, we will be very happy to answer you shortly. Visit, social networks and join our humble family, see you soon, take care and goodbye.